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Analysis of Copenhagen's outcomes

The climate talks that took place recently in Copenhagen can be viewed as an important step towards a binding international climate agreement. Unfortunately, the Parties were unable to reach either a legally binding or a political agreement under the UNFCCC in Copenhagen and final agreement was delayed to future meetings. The Copenhagen Accord, supported by most of the 194 parties to the UNFCCC, outlines some basic commitments but does not include the level of detail developed in the draft UNFCCC text that was negotiated over the last two years nor does it carry the weight of a UNFCCC agreement. The mandate for the AWG-LCA (the Ad hoc Working Group for Long-term Cooperative Action, which has been negotiating the new agreement under the Bali Action Plan) and the AWG-KP (the Ad hoc Working Group for the Kyoto Protocol, which has been negotiating the next commitment period under the Kyoto Protocol) has been extended through next year, giving Parties an opportunity to finalize and agree to new commitments either in Bonn in June or in Cancun in December. However, no official timeline has been established for a legally binding agreement under the UNFCCC.

Major results from Copenhagen include:

the extension of the Ad hoc Working Group for Long-term Cooperative Action (AWGLCA, which is negotiating a post-2012 agreement including all UNFCCC Parties around the building blocks of shared vision, mitigation, adaptation, technology support and transfer, and finance) and of the Ad hoc Working Group for the Kyoto Protocol (AWGKP, which is negotiating the next commitment period, to begin in 2013, under the Kyoto Protocol)

progress on draft texts under both of these groups

the Copenhagen Accord, which outlines some basic commitments and is recognized by the UNFCCC

adoption within the Convention of methodological guidance for REDD+

commitment by developed countries to provide $30 billion from 2010-2012 to developing countries for adaptation and mitigation, including REDD+

commitment by the US, UK, Japan, France, Australia, Norway to provide $3.5 billion for the 2010-2012 period specifically to address deforestation

texts of the key UNFCCC outcomes can be found here: http://unfccc.int/2860.php.

Click here to read more and download the full document


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Posted: 1/25/2010 (9:34:58 AM)

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